How To Control Blood Sugar Naturally
Diabetes Is Less About Following A Specific “Diet.” Instead, It Is Essential To Improve Blood Sugar Control Through A Conscious Diet.
The goal of proper nutrition for both types of diabetes mellitus is to avoid acute complications such as diabetic coma or hypoglycemia and long-term effects such as kidney, eye, and vascular damage. For type 2 diabetics, a change in diet can even mean a cure for the disease.
- Carbohydrate Balance in Diabetes
- Diabetes: carbohydrates, yes, please!
- Choose fats wisely in diabetes
- Protein intake in diabetes
- Diabetes: how much alcohol is allowed?
- Diabetes: Avoid Obesity
Carbohydrate Balance in Diabetes
When type 1 diabetes, the insulin, and the possibility are missing, infiltrate the blood sugar into the cells. Therefore insulin has to be supplied.
In type 2 diabetics, however, there is insulin resistance, i.e., the body’s insulin and the insulin supplied are sufficient than in healthy people. Weight reduction alone, therefore, leads to an improvement in the metabolic situation, and the dietary recommendations for overweight people and type 2 diabetics are mostly identical.
People with diabetes do not have to go without carbohydrates. While diabetic programs are used to reduce carbohydrates, the following applies today: a varied, balanced mixed diet is ideal. This assumes a daily carbohydrate intake between 45 and 60% of the total amount of energy. To avoid sharp fluctuations in blood sugar levels, you should spread them over several meals a day.
Simple carbohydrates (like sugar and white flour) pass into the blood relatively quickly and cause blood sugar levels to skyrocket. For example, carbohydrates from sugary drinks give into the blood extremely fast, while those from vegetables “seep” into the blood. However, more complex carbohydrates from whole grain products first have to be “broken down” and cause a significantly lower and longer-lasting increase in blood sugar.
Sugar can be consumed with caution, provided that you always monitor your blood sugar levels very carefully. Drinks containing sugar usually have nothing to do with “careful sugar consumption” and should therefore be avoided. Sugar substitutes such as fructose are also not recommended. Calorie-free sweeteners are better suited for sweetening.
The foods should also contain sufficient fiber. The guideline value is around 30 grams per day, so whole grain products and fruit and vegetables, are cheap. Also, legumes are well suited to healthy eating round. This recommendation can be achieved with the rule “5 times a day vegetables or fruit”, in addition to wholemeal bread. This covers not only the need for vitamins but also the need for fiber.
Carbohydrates And Insulin Therapy
If insulin therapy is required, the carbohydrates are calculated in bread units (BU). The attending physician advises and prepares a nutrition plan with the patient based on BE. In diabetic training courses, those affected are brought closer to the components of nutrition and the interaction between nutrition and (insulin) therapy.
Choose Fats Wisely In Diabetes
Fats are vital because they provide the body with important building blocks. For people with diabetes – as for healthy adults – the intake of fat should not exceed 30-35% of the daily energy. It is also essential to pay attention to the fats’ quality, i.e., to consume as little animal fat as possible.
The daily requirement is ideally covered with a mixture of 10% of the daily requirement; up to 20% of monounsaturated fatty acids can also be consumed.
Protein Intake In Diabetes
Nothing speaks against protein either, provided you consume it with moderation and target. About 10 to 20% of the daily amount of energy can consist of protein. Protein is important for cell structure but – if consumed excessively – puts a strain on the kidneys. Vegetable protein is more suitable than animal protein. Meat should be eaten in small portions, but no more than 2 to 3 times a week. Low-fat dairy products or legumes are good sources of protein.
Diabetes: How Much Alcohol Is Allowed?
It is very high in calories, damages the liver, increases blood pressure and lipid levels, and can cause hypoglycemia because it blocks the liver from making sugar. It is, therefore, advisable to only consume alcohol in combination with foods rich in carbohydrates. However, small amounts are harmless – for men, about 20 grams of alcohol is acceptable. That corresponds to about half a liter of beer or less than an eighth of wine. For women, no more than about half of this amount is advisable.
Diabetes: Avoid Obesity
Obesity brings an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, and, conversely, weight reduction can also significantly improve metabolism. Therefore, people with diabetes should make sure to maintain or achieve an average weight. By avoiding fat and alcohol, pounds can be reduced. A well-thought-out change in diet – towards a balanced diet rich in vitamins and fibers – contributes to weight loss.